The articles in Italian - L´articolo in italiano

1.) L´articolo determinativo - The definite article in Italian

a.) maschile - masculine

The definite masculine article in Italian is formed according to the following rules:

 

Singular

Plural

- il (is used before single consonants) padre / fratello / libro

- i padri / fratelli / libri

- lo (is used before s+consonant, or z-, gn-, pn-, ps-) studente /zio/ gnomo etc.

- gli studenti / zii etc.

- l' (is used before masculine nouns beginning with a vowel) amico/ albero

- gli amici / alberi

b.) femminile - feminine

The definite feminine article in Italian is formed according to the following rules:

 

Singular

Plural

- la (before consonants) casa / sorella

- le case /sorelle

- l' (before vowels) amica / ora

- le amiche / ore

 

2.) L´articolo indeterminativo - the indefinite Article

 

masculine

feminine

- un (before single consonants or vowels) un libro, un amico

- una (is used before consonants) ragazza / nonna / macchina

- uno (is used before s+consonant, z-, pn-, ps-, gn-) studente, psicologo

- un'  (is used before vowels) un' amica, un' ora etc.